November 8, 2004 7:30 AM PST
Novell rejoins desktop fight, with Linux as ally
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Novell to release enhanced Linux in fallAugust 6, 2004
The company announced Monday that Novell Linux Desktop 9 will be available Friday. The release represents the combination of a number of desktop-related products that Novell gained through its
Novell will charge $50 per person for an "entitlement" to use the software, a deal that includes one year of updates and bug fixes. The company will charge $18 per desktop per year for its ZenWorks desktop management software, which can manage both Linux and Windows PCs. Support services, which cover both Novell's open-source and proprietary software, are paid on top of the software acquisition cost.
The Linux Desktop 9 package includes the SuSE Linux operating system; Novell's version of the OpenOffice productivity suite; the Novell Evolution e-mail and calendaring software; and the Firefox Web browser. The package will give customers the choice of using the Gnome or KDE user interface software, and it will include the Mono development tools for building Linux applications.
"Our research has shown that the primary motivators for firms to switch from Windows to Linux are lower total cost of ownership from purchase disposal, easier and cheaper OS licensing, and lower acquisition costs," Yates said.
However, corporations already have a lot invested in Windows applications and are concerned that a shift to Linux from Windows would not be worth the investment, he said.
"I believe that Longhorn will be the fork in the road for many firms," Yates said. "When Longhorn releases, firms will ask themselves whether or not to jump off the Microsoft train and consider Linux." Microsoft plans to release Longhorn, the next version of Windows, in 2006.
Some large corporate customers are looking at their options. AT&T's chief information officer has asked researchers to evaluate whether Linux will work as a potential replacement for some of the company's tens of thousands of PCs. IBM, too, has looked into a pilot project around Linux PCs.
Novell's move into desktop software rejoins a battle with Microsoft that Novell largely lost in the 1980s and 1990s when it sold a competitor to Office on Windows. Novell is also facing increasing competition among Linux desktop software providers, including Sun Microsystems and Red Hat, which also cater to the corporate market.
In terms of features, Linux desktop suites do not yet match Windows, but they are improving rapidly, said Stephen O'Grady, an analyst at research company RedMonk. O'Grady has been running a Linux desktop suite for a few months.
"It comes down to what you think the market for good enough is," O'Grady said. "For sizable constituencies within most organizations, it's at least good enough if not better than adequate."
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