October 7, 2003 10:58 AM PDT

Shift key breaks CD copy locks

A Princeton University student has published instructions for disabling the new anticopying measures being tested on CDs by BMG--and they're as simple as holding down a computer's Shift key.

In a paper published on his Web site this week, Princeton Ph.D. student John Halderman explained how he disabled a new kind of copy-protection technology, distributed as part of a new album by BMG soul artist Anthony Hamilton.

Under normal circumstances, the antipiracy software is automatically loaded onto a Windows machine whenever the Hamilton album is run in a computer's CD drive, making traditional copying or MP3 ripping impossible. However, simply holding down the Shift key prevents Windows' AutoRun feature from loading the copy-protection software, leaving the music free to copy, Halderman said.

The technique was confirmed by BMG and SunnComm Technologies, the small company that produces the anticopying technology. Both companies said they had known about it before releasing the CD, and that they still believed the protection would deter most average listeners' copying.

"This is something we were aware of," BMG spokesman Nathaniel Brown said. "Copy management is intended as a speed bump, intended to thwart the casual listener from mass burning and uploading. We made a conscious decision to err on the side of playability and flexibility."

The ease with which Halderman and others have disabled BMG and SunnComm's latest copy-protection techniques illustrates the delicate balance that record labels and technology companies are trying to strike in protecting content without angering listeners.

SunnComm's technology is the most flexible version of CD copy-protection to hit the market yet. It includes "pre-ripped" versions of the songs on the CD itself, each of which can be transferred to a computer, burned to CD several times, or transferred to many kinds of portable devices. These differ from unrestricted MP3 files in that only limited copies can be made, and not every portable music device can play them.

The Anthony Hamilton CD is the first release in this new generation of copy-protected CDs that come preloaded with these "second session" tracks designed for use on a computer, a strategy also being pursued by SunnComm rival Macrovision. Record labels have pushed for these tracks, mostly provided in Microsoft's Windows Media format, to be included on copy-protected CDs in order to ameliorate consumers' concerns about not being able to use their music on computers.

SunnComm CEO Peter Jacobs said the technology--which will be improved in future versions--should still be attractive to record companies. Though simple, the act of holding down the Shift key in order to enable copying does let computer users know they're doing something unauthorized, he said. That alone will dissuade many people from making copies, he added.

"This is not an all-or-nothing thing," Jacobs said. "People can break into your house, because there's lots of information out there on how to pick locks. But that knowledge doesn't mean you don't buy a lock."

In order to fully prevent the antipiracy software from loading, a listener has to hold the Shift key down for a long period of time, at exactly the right time, every time they listen to the CD on a computer. Moreover, anyone who doesn't load the software won't get access to the second session tracks, which on future CDs will increasingly include videos and other bonus material, record company insiders say.

For his part, Halderman says the workaround is so simple that it's hard to fix. Nor is he worried about falling afoul of laws that make it illegal to describe how to get around copy-protection measures.

"I hardly think that telling people to push Shift constitutes trafficking in a (copy-protection technology) circumvention device," Halderman said. "I'm not very worried."

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Copy Protection????
You have to wonder how these execs think that they are doing anything to protect their copyrights. Anyone with a patch cable, and a CD player with a headphone jack will just plug the CD player into the mic or line-in jack on their computer and record songs from that source, with no discernable affect to the quality of the CD. So you might not be able to copy a video off the CD/DVD (assuming they can actually come up with a secured protection scheme). How long will that really last? DVDs were supposedly "the perfect protection scheme and no one will ever break it." Here's an idea: Stop wasting millions of dollars coming up with schemes that won't work and lower the price on the CDs/DVDs in the first place. Without all the "added expense" of these useless protection schemes, the corporations crying poverty and ruin (which has yet to actually be proven) might be able to sell more copies and actually make more money in the process.
Posted by (1 comment )
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Is any kind of protection works with audio cd? i really wonder!
I have been through the article "Shift key breaks CD copy locks" and found most of the companies are trying to develop the software to protect their product from being copied or ripped, But are failure to fool proof the software why?

1.) Weather or not the Protection software included piracy is a step ahed of the manufacturers.

2.) Even the software is designed foolproof Audio CD might not get That Advantage of the technology cos audio can be recorded even with a old Casette Recorder.

Therefore Audio CDs Can only be protected by following certain modifications, Like

1.) A mixture of ultrasonic and infra sonic hiss, pop, and other kind of distrubances along with audio tracks should be copied., seeing to it that when it is played on the standalone CD player the human ears should not catch it but only if someone tries to duplicate it even with a analog casette recorder these pops, hiss and disturbing noices should be enhanced such that the recording should fail.

2.)New Encryption (every Company has to have its own Encrypting Techniques) may be this requires a lot of existing cd players around the world to update their firmware.

3.) Burning the CD in Such a way that computer drives consider it as Bad or broken CD.
Posted by law_lea_pop (1 comment )
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Of course, these copy protection softwares are only designed to work with Windows so any Linux box will play and copy happily.
A trick I've seen is that the CD is recorded multi-session with the music the first session and the software the last session. Windows only seems to see the last recorded session, Linux sees all.
Posted by nigelgunn (1 comment )
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