The appeals court begins oral arguments in the case, questioning lawyers for Microsoft and the DOJ, with one judge expressing doubt about Jackson's findings of fact in the case while others argue that the findings are binding on the court.
Questioning continues, with several judges coming down particularly hard on Jackson, accusing him of issuing unclear decisions and saying his post-trial comments critical of Microsoft suggest bias.
Jackson removes himself form another Microsoft case, filed by African-American employees alleging discrimination by the company.
Microsoft unveils Office XP, the latest version of its business software. Also on tap in 2001 are Xbox, Microsoft's entry into the highly competitive video game market, and Windows XP, the upgrade to its ubiquitous operating system.
The federal appeals court unanimously vacates the order to split Microsoft into two companies and sends the decision back to the lower court. In addition, the court determines that the case should be heard by a new judge rather than by Jackson.
A group of privacy organizations plans to submit to the Federal Trade Commission a paper charging Microsoft with inadequate security and privacy provisions in the forthcoming Windows XP and alleging unfair and deceptive trade practices. More than 10 organizations, including privacy group Junkbusters and the Electronic Privacy Information Center, a public-interest group, ask the FTC to prevent the launch of Windows XP.
A federal court randomly assigns U.S. District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly to preside over the Microsoft antitrust case. Earlier the same day, a federal appeals court returns the Microsoft case to the trial court for further proceedings.
Breaking ranks with the larger group, New York Attorney General Elliot Spitzer and California Attorney General Bill Lockyer say they are "committed" to pressing for tough remedies to change Microsoft's conduct--with or without federal cooperation.
The Supreme Court rejects Microsoft's request that it hear an appeal of the antitrust case. Microsoft appealed not on the merits of the case, but because of comments that U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson made to the media.
The government and Microsoft fail to settle the antitrust case before the first deadline imposed by a federal judge.
Kollar-Kotelly appoints a mediator to the case. Eric Green, a law professor at Boston University, will work with the two parties through the remainder of the discussions.
Microsoft launches Windows XP, the newest version of its operating system, to retail during a lavish extravaganza in New York. Microsoft, chipmaker Intel and PC makers are expected to spend a combined total of more than $1 billion on marketing for Windows XP.
Brendan Sullivan, with the law firm Williams & Connolly in Washington, D.C., agrees to lead the 18 states as they work with federal trustbusters in the antitrust case.
The inability of a number of non-Internet Explorer browsers to access MSN.com stirs up anti-competitive concerns. The most recent browsers from Mozilla.org and Opera Software, and some Netscape browser versions, are unable to access MSN.com for a period of time. Washington-based trade group ProComp asks state and federal trustbusters to investigate the issue on antitrust grounds.
Microsoft and the Justice Department settle the long-running antitrust case with an agreement many see as a victory for Microsoft. The deal would impose mild restrictions on the software maker, focusing largely on modifying Microsoft's competitive behavior.
Among other provisions, the company promises to refrain from contracts and related activities that compel other companies to do its bidding. The Windows operating system will emerge largely unchanged, and Windows XP will be free of any significant restrictions.