May 10, 2005 10:22 AM PDT

IBM buys open-source Java outfit Gluecode

IBM on Tuesday said it acquired privately held start-up Gluecode Software, a company that offers a low-end, open-source alternative to IBM's WebSphere line.

Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed.

Based in El Segundo, Calif., Gluecode sells corporate customers services around a suite of open-source software developed at the Apache Foundation. The company offers small and midsize businesses subcription-based support and updates for a suite of Java server products, called Joe.

As part of the acquisition, IBM said it will contribute to the Apache Geronimo project, a Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) application server that forms the basis of Gluecode's product line. The 18 Gluecode employees will be part of IBM's software group; IBM said it will devote dozens of people to the Joe product.

IBM said the Gluecode products will fill out the low end of its WebSphere suite, software to build and run custom business applications. IBM's WebSphere brand covers a wide range of products, including an application server, portal and integration software.

WebSphere is targeted at large corporate customers and at medium-size companies, but IBM does not have a strong presence among smaller organizations and individual developers, said Robert LeBlanc, general manager of IBM's application and integration middleware division. He said IBM will offer Gluecode customers more functional WebSphere products as their needs expand.

"There is a shift in the business model that the low end of the market is looking for and a shift in the robustness of what's coming out in the J2EE market," LeBlanc said. "We see a lot of opportunity at the low end of the market."

Smaller organizations and programmers are increasingly getting open-source development products for free and paying for ongoing support services, he noted.

Indeed, Gluecode is one of several new companies building a services businesses with open-source infrastructure software. Gluecode's offerings include updates and support for an integrated package of open-source products, including the Geronimo application server, portal, database and work flow server.

The rise of these open-source alternatives to WebSphere, notably from JBoss, motivated IBM's investment in Gluecode, said Anne Thomas Manes, an analyst at Burton Group.

"This is a clear assault on JBoss," Manes said. "If IBM owns it, I see Geronimo as a serious threat to JBoss, more so than to IBM's WebSphere, BEA (Systems), SAP or other proprietary Java vendors."

Manes noted that the Apache license makes Geronimo attractive to third-party software companies, which can embed the application server. Much of JBoss' revenue comes from reseller arrangements with other software companies.

LeBlanc said IBM's familiarity with the Apache license and Gluecode employees' connections at the Apache Foundation were factors in deciding to back Geronimo and buy Gluecode. He said IBM considered open-sourcing portions of WebSphere to get a better foothold in the low end of the market.

"We know how to take products to market based on the Apache license, which is important," LeBlanc said. IBM bundles the Apache Web server with WebSphere, and it contributed an embedded database called Derby to Apache.

Bob Bickel, vice president of corporate strategy at JBoss, said the move by IBM helps legitimize the use of open-source infrastructure software, or middleware.

"This is clearly a move to try to create a competitor to JBoss with the Geronimo project," Bickel said. "IBM does not want to see JBoss rise to dominance, like Microsoft."

Delphi Group analyst Nathaniel Palmer said the Gluecode acquisition, though small, is the most significant for IBM Software since its takeover of Lotus Software in 1995 because it enables IBM to put competitive pressure on rivals.

"The cost advantage of Gluecode presents pricing pressure on all J2EE platforms, as well as leverage for penetrating the SMB (small and midsize businesses) in ways previously out of reach to IBM," Palmer said.


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Strategic and Tactical Move by IBM!
I have just gone through reading up some more about the Apache Geronimo here:

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Note where it says "Currently, the Apache Geronimo has no certified releases"... I believe that IBM's strategy will be to provide muscular support to Apache Geronimo (like it has done in the case of the Linux Operating System) in order to make this a world class, certified J2EE container with the overall aim of bringing the the Java 2, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) platform to small and medium businesses (which will be a very good opportunity for these businesses) implementing enterprise applications thus ensuring a stake in this market space for itself.
Posted by (187 comments )
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Reinventing the wheel
Do you work for IBM?

If IBM wanted SMB's to use J2EE they'd lower the price of WebSphere. This is just yet another Sphynx for IBM to fill their consulting pipeline with more 'make work' jobs integrating software.
Posted by scdecade (329 comments )
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