December 15, 2004 12:23 PM PST

Feds move on wireless Web, cell phones in flight

Federal regulators have proposed allowing cell phones to be used on airplanes, and took steps toward bringing high-speed wireless Internet connections to passengers' seats.

Air travelers will be able to surf the Net while in flight as soon as 2006, and the ban on cell phone use on airplanes could eventually be lifted as well, if moves made Wednesday by the Federal Communications Commission pan out.

News.context

What's new:
The FCC is bringing wireless communication to airplanes. Expect wireless Internet in 2006, and possibly the sound of everyone around you yelling into cell phones.

Bottom line:
Great news for business travelers trying to get work done--and for anyone with a laptop who isn't mesmerized by the in-flight magazine. But it could strain delicate etiquette in cramped confines.

To date, wireless devices can't be used once the airplane door is closed. The FCC voted unanimously on Wednesday to auction off new spectrum that could be used to provide high-speed wireless Internet access to planes in flight. Commissioners also took a strong move toward allowing cell phones to be used on airplanes, calling for public comment on the issue. Air travelers who don't like being out of touch with the ground will be able to use wireless connections to check e-mail, surf the Internet, and eventually could make cell phone calls from the air. That could be good news for many business travelers, and probably bad news for those who like a little peace and quiet.

But flyers won't be locking themselves in plane bathrooms for the quiet, or popping tiny bottles of champagne in celebration, any time soon.

"What the FCC did today was simply open the discussion on the use of cell phones in airplanes," said Doug Wills, spokesman for the Air Transport Association, a U.S. airline industry lobby group in Washington, D.C. "It will still be a good two to three years before we see the technology in use on commercial planes. There is still a lot of testing that needs to be done."

No dropped calls, no dropped planes
Current rules of both the FCC and the Federal Aviation Administration ban in-flight cellular calling. The primary FCC concern has been possible disruption of cell phone communication on the ground. The FAA's worry is how cell phones might interfere with a plane's navigation and electrical systems.

At Wednesday's meeting, FCC officials proposed allowing passengers to use "off the shelf" wireless handsets and other devices so long as they operate at their lowest power setting and do not broadcast unwanted radio frequency emissions that could interfere with cellular networks on the ground. The FCC will now seek public comment on these issues. It will also work with the FAA to ensure that FCC rules and policies complement the FAA's efforts.

Engineers at NASA noted at least three years ago that cell phones were being built so well that they emitted remarkably fewer interference-causing spurious radio signals. A NASA engineer said in a 2000 interview that the airplane cell phone ban would be lifted once earlier generations of cell phones wore down and were tossed out or recycled.

But there has been speculation that cell phones have played a role in some airplane crashes. European newspapers have reported that a passenger using a cell phone during takeoff contributed to the crash of a Crossair commuter plane in 2000. All 10 passengers and the crew aboard LX Flight 498 were killed when the plane crashed outside of Zurich minutes after takeoff. An official cause of the crash has not been released.

Airlines and cellular equipment makers have already begun testing technology. In July, Qualcomm and American Airlines conducted a two-hour "proof of concept" flight 30,000 feet over Dallas. They showed off a service on widely used CDMA, or Code Division Multiple Access, technology.

Wi-Fi is ready for takeoff
While it could take years for safety issues to be worked out before cell phones can be used on commercial flights, Wi-Fi technology is ready today since it presents no safety concerns, Wills said.

"There are no interference issues with wireless Internet access on planes," he said. "Just the nature of the technology makes managing data networks easier than cellular networks."

Some international airlines have already begun dabbling in wireless Internet. German carrier Lufthansa plans to offer wireless Internet service on all routes between Munich and Frankfurt by 2006. In May, Lufthansa debuted high-speed Internet access on a flight from Munich to Los Angeles.

Earlier this month, Singapore Airlines announced it would offer Wi-Fi on flights in the Singapore and London corridor. Both airlines are using a service offered by a Boeing subsidiary. The service will let passengers read e-mail and browse the Web through a network set up on the plane. They will also be able to plug their laptops into outlets at every seat.

Singapore Airlines also plans to beam live TV programs to passengers' laptops by mid-2005. The channel lineup will include four international news channels, with sports content to be added later, the airline said.

Because voice and video can be carried over an Internet protocol Wi-Fi network, passengers will be able to use voice enabled Wi-Fi devices to talk to people on the ground.

"It really comes down to a race between cellular and Wi-Fi technology," said Wills.

Price, price, price
More than 60 percent of airlines' revenues come from business travelers, many of whom would love to see more communication options on planes. But whether they will use the service comes down to price. Travel experts warn that if service is too expensive, passengers won't use it.

"There's no question that the business traveler wants to communicate," said Addison Schonland, CEO of Innovation Analysis Group, a travel consulting and research firm. "But how easy will the phone companies and airlines make it for them to do it?"

For over a decade, passengers have been able to use phones built into the backs of airplane seats to make calls to people on the ground. At roughly $1.99 per minute, the service was too expensive and never really caught on. In recent years, airlines have decreased the number of such phones onboard planes. Verizon is the only provider still offering the service.

Airlines, which have struggled financially in recent years, see big opportunity in these new services. They not only can use these services to differentiate themselves from other airlines, but they can potentially use them as new sources of revenue. Wills believes they will not make the same mistake this time that they did with seat-back calling.

"It's in the airlines' best interest to offer an affordable and reliable service to customers," he said.

More vital communication, more annoying headaches?
The steady infiltration of wireless technology might not thrill all air travelers. The many who complain about cell phones being used in restaurants and movie theaters could mourn the loss of one of the last cell-phone-free environments. Airplanes are uncharted territory for practitioners of etiquette-straining "cell yell"--inexplicably shouting into a cell phone regardless of the call's personal nature or who can overhear. Being one narrow seat away from such callers could frazzle some flyers' nerves.

"Can you imagine 200 people talking at once?" Schonland asked. "It will be bedlam. Who will people hate more--the dreaded crying baby or the guy who talked on his cell phone for two and a half hours?"

20 comments

Join the conversation!
Add your comment
Strongly opposed
If airlines create a "phone booth" where one or numerous passengers can use cell phones on commercial flights, I'm for it. Otherwise, all our conversations will rightfully have to wait for the landing. The safety considerations, even if proven unnecessary, are culturally less significant than the impact of in-flight calls.
Posted by (2 comments )
Reply Link Flag
Agreed
I'm all for WiFi on planes, but cell phones should either not be
allowed or should be permitted only in specified, enclosed areas
to maintain quiet in the airplane. I personally don't want to listen
to ten people chatting away on their cell phones during a long,
tiring flight.
Posted by iKenny (98 comments )
Link Flag
Strongly opposed
If airlines create a "phone booth" where one or numerous passengers can use cell phones on commercial flights, I'm for it. Otherwise, all our conversations will rightfully have to wait for the landing. The safety considerations, even if proven unnecessary, are culturally less significant than the impact of in-flight calls.
Posted by (2 comments )
Reply Link Flag
Agreed
I'm all for WiFi on planes, but cell phones should either not be
allowed or should be permitted only in specified, enclosed areas
to maintain quiet in the airplane. I personally don't want to listen
to ten people chatting away on their cell phones during a long,
tiring flight.
Posted by iKenny (98 comments )
Link Flag
Cell Phones on Planes - NO
I can't imagine sitting for one hour let alone a very long flight next to someone who is wailing into their cell phone -- so IF this is to pass - -then I think cell phone users should be seated together at the back of the plane -- near the bathrooms and the galley's -- and they can all annoy each other -- I simply cannot imagine why someone cannot be out of communication for a few hours in a day --
Posted by (2 comments )
Reply Link Flag
communication
Nobody has to be out of touch. There are phones on every airplane already to manage necessary business.
Posted by judyserienagy (4 comments )
Link Flag
Cell Phones on Planes - NO
I can't imagine sitting for one hour let alone a very long flight next to someone who is wailing into their cell phone -- so IF this is to pass - -then I think cell phone users should be seated together at the back of the plane -- near the bathrooms and the galley's -- and they can all annoy each other -- I simply cannot imagine why someone cannot be out of communication for a few hours in a day --
Posted by (2 comments )
Reply Link Flag
communication
Nobody has to be out of touch. There are phones on every airplane already to manage necessary business.
Posted by judyserienagy (4 comments )
Link Flag
Hell in the air
I travel Amtrak a lot from NY to Boston and DC. Amtrak has
initiated a "quiet car" system, whereby one car does not allow
cell phones. It is usually full. Occasionally a clueless passenger
attempts to use his/her phone, and is (usually) told politely to
cease and desist. Sometimes they apologize and hang up,
sometimes they go ballistic. Many, many people just want some
quiet time while on a train or plane. Being holed up in a tin can
for several hours while idiots blabber loudly into their phones is
asking for air rage. In the old days of smoking on planes, the
smokers were placed in the rear of the plane. Perhaps a similar
approach, with a sound-proof barrier between them and the rest
of us would help.
Posted by trenchcoat (12 comments )
Reply Link Flag
Hell in the air
I travel Amtrak a lot from NY to Boston and DC. Amtrak has
initiated a "quiet car" system, whereby one car does not allow
cell phones. It is usually full. Occasionally a clueless passenger
attempts to use his/her phone, and is (usually) told politely to
cease and desist. Sometimes they apologize and hang up,
sometimes they go ballistic. Many, many people just want some
quiet time while on a train or plane. Being holed up in a tin can
for several hours while idiots blabber loudly into their phones is
asking for air rage. In the old days of smoking on planes, the
smokers were placed in the rear of the plane. Perhaps a similar
approach, with a sound-proof barrier between them and the rest
of us would help.
Posted by trenchcoat (12 comments )
Reply Link Flag
wifi - yes, cell phones - NO
Wifi will keep people quietly occupied for the few hours they are on the plane and let them get work done. Cell phones however will be used by the masses of stupid, loud, obnoxious, TEEN, people of the world and disrupt the rest of the plane.
Posted by slappie (32 comments )
Reply Link Flag
wifi - yes, cell phones - NO
Wifi will keep people quietly occupied for the few hours they are on the plane and let them get work done. Cell phones however will be used by the masses of stupid, loud, obnoxious, TEEN, people of the world and disrupt the rest of the plane.
Posted by slappie (32 comments )
Reply Link Flag
Of course O.K. to use cells onboard
They banned the personal phones to force you to use the airline cellular service, aircraft frecuencies would be altered by ground cellulars, and they are not banned, because they use different frecuencies
Posted by frussek (3 comments )
Reply Link Flag
Of course O.K. to use cells onboard
They banned the personal phones to force you to use the airline cellular service, aircraft frecuencies would be altered by ground cellulars, and they are not banned, because they use different frecuencies
Posted by frussek (3 comments )
Reply Link Flag
We don't need the WalMart syndrome
Listen in on some of the important cell phone conversations around you "Yeah I'm in WalMart. Yup, I'm walking down the main aisle, by the shoe department..." I don't want to hear this on the ground. I definitely don't want to hear this in the air. Besides, the stupid dolt will probably have the phone in his/her carry-on in the overhead, and will probably disrupt everyone getting it out. The same goes for internet access.
Posted by bennybob (7 comments )
Reply Link Flag
We don't need the WalMart syndrome
Listen in on some of the important cell phone conversations around you "Yeah I'm in WalMart. Yup, I'm walking down the main aisle, by the shoe department..." I don't want to hear this on the ground. I definitely don't want to hear this in the air. Besides, the stupid dolt will probably have the phone in his/her carry-on in the overhead, and will probably disrupt everyone getting it out. The same goes for internet access.
Posted by bennybob (7 comments )
Reply Link Flag
NO YAPPING ON AIRPLANES
The yappers in the airport and on the flight are bad enough already. The use of cell phones in flight is just plain stupid. Internet connections are a great idea. People should amuse themselves SILENTLY during flights. PLEASE let us know when and to whom to make our feelings known before the morons decide to approve cell phones in flight.
Posted by judyserienagy (4 comments )
Reply Link Flag
NO YAPPING ON AIRPLANES
The yappers in the airport and on the flight are bad enough already. The use of cell phones in flight is just plain stupid. Internet connections are a great idea. People should amuse themselves SILENTLY during flights. PLEASE let us know when and to whom to make our feelings known before the morons decide to approve cell phones in flight.
Posted by judyserienagy (4 comments )
Reply Link Flag
FTC Corruption
Once again, another misguided branch of government proves that they can be bought. They justify their disgusting actions with fantasy thinking that they serve the public interest.

Once again, corporate greed/corruption prevails under the auspices of "giving consumers what they want". Would this be, per chance, the same cartel (oops, I mean corporations), who would regulate the internet?

If you wish to continue having free and unfettered access to the internet, quit carping and act now!

<a class="jive-link-external" href="http://www.savetheinternet.com/=faq" target="_newWindow">http://www.savetheinternet.com/=faq</a>

These comments are not intended for the entitled minority who are too self-absorbed to consider the effects of their actions.
Posted by annekauf83 (11 comments )
Reply Link Flag
FTC Corruption
Once again, another misguided branch of government proves that they can be bought. They justify their disgusting actions with fantasy thinking that they serve the public interest.

Once again, corporate greed/corruption prevails under the auspices of "giving consumers what they want". Would this be, per chance, the same cartel (oops, I mean corporations), who would regulate the internet?

If you wish to continue having free and unfettered access to the internet, quit carping and act now!

<a class="jive-link-external" href="http://www.savetheinternet.com/=faq" target="_newWindow">http://www.savetheinternet.com/=faq</a>

These comments are not intended for the entitled minority who are too self-absorbed to consider the effects of their actions.
Posted by annekauf83 (11 comments )
Reply Link Flag
 

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