December 12, 2000 10:55 AM PST
Credit cards pushing e-currency out of the picture
"I don't get the sense that alternative currencies on the Internet have gained any traction, and credit cards will continue to dominate e-commerce," said Paul Jamieson, a senior analyst at Internet research company Gomez.
Credit cards "are something that consumers are used to; they are accepted nearly everywhere online and offline," Jamieson said. "Flooz and Beenz just can't offer the same versatility now or over the next few years."
Robert Levitan, chief executive of New York-based Flooz.com, said his company saw the changes and has shifted away from e-commerce to a business-to-business model. Flooz's strategy is to focus on the corporate gift market, for companies to reward their employees by using Flooz.
"We always thought (the shift) would happen but didn't know it would be such a large part of our business so soon. Our investors are happy with the change and want us to focus more on this," Levitan said.
Flooz is not alone. Beenz.com, another leading e-currency site based in New York, has also moved toward a business-to-business model rather than solely appealing directly to consumers.
Credit card companies were not even at the starting line in the early days of e-commerce, creating an opportunity for alternative payment systems. But in the race to become the primary payment method on the Internet, big companies like American Express, Visa, MasterCard and Discover Card are running neck and neck in the lead--while the pioneers have steadily lost their footing.
Goliath edges in
Alternative currency companies launched last year with the notion that they could beat the Old Economy standards by promising lower fees to merchants and privacy, ease of use and security to consumers. But the credit card companies have responded vigorously in the last year, wiping out the chance for alternative currencies to get established in the online market.
Online cash faces competitive challenges
Robert Levitan, CEO, Flooz.com
Instead, the alternative currency companies have sought out new niche markets. Like Flooz shifting to the corporate gift market, Bothell, Wash.-based eCash Technologies said it is targeting certain demographics, like teenagers without credit cards or people who do not want their credit card information on the Web.
"You will never catch me arguing with the fact that credit cards are completely owning the (business-to-consumer) zone right now," said John Filby, chief executive of eCash, a company that markets payment technology to merchants, banks and other financial institutions. "But the (dominance) is by default. There was no alternative available like you see in the physical world."
In the brick-and-mortar world, cash, credit, checks and debit are among the several options available to people. Filby says he thinks those alternatives can be translated to the Web through alternative currency companies.
"Once alternatives are presented, I don't think credit cards will control everything on the Net," Filby said.
But as quickly as niche markets are explored--like prepaid cards for teenagers--the credit card companies have moved in to play the spoilers.
Meta Group says programs that protect against credit card theft have calmed consumer fears about online purchases, and credit cards have become the accepted payment in online transactions, but some types of e-currencies are still flourishing.
For the teen market, Visa earlier this year introduced Visa Buxx cards. These cards have a pre-loaded value and are accepted wherever the Visa credit card logo is displayed.
For those afraid to place their credit card information on the Internet, American Express, Discover and others have introduced products that create "disposable," or one-time-use, credit card numbers, which allow consumers to make purchases while keeping their actual card numbers hidden.
"While these start-ups' whole survival is based on stored-value products taking off, the survival of the credit cards is based on what they already control," said James Van Dyke, a senior analyst at New York-based research company Jupiter Media Metrix.
Credit card companies have also moved quickly to establish themselves in the business-to-business industry. Their efforts may be putting a dent in the plans of companies like eCash and escrow services like Escrow.com and I-Escrow.com to carve out a niche in that multitrillion-dollar opportunity.
One promising niche market for the alternative currency companies is overseas, where credit cards have yet to take control, mainly because of cultural biases.
"People around the world don't use credit cards the way (Americans) do, relying instead on debit cards or cash," said Stephen Limpe, Beenz chief financial officer. "There is a need for a technology to cater to those cultural differences."
Despite a hostile competitive landscape, eCash and Beenz say they hope to go public if the markets stabilize, while Flooz has no plans in the works.
Until then, the companies say they have the financial backing to keep plowing forward. eCash's Filby said the company is on the verge of receiving another round of funding.
But the major credit card companies have plans in the works, too.
"The labs of the major credit card companies are also busy working on projects--like stored-value products, micropayments and bio-security cards--and getting ready for future consumer adoption," Jupiter's Van Dyke said.