SAN FRANCISCO -- Walking through Kixeye's headquarters here in downtown San Francisco, you'd be forgiven for thinking you were in the offices of a triple-A studio.
Military sound bites blast out of the speakers of its bunker-themed elevator waiting hall, a space awash in glowing red light and protected by an actual armed guard. Once inside, old-school arcade machines pop up around every corner, and row upon row of vertical code-filled monitors are paired with white walls of concept art for one of the many titles in the development pipeline.
The company is still very much a startup; it doesn't have its own building or a workforce of more than 9,000 like major publisher Electronic Arts, from which numerous Kixeye employees have jumped ship. But for a six-year business built off the backbone of Facebook social gaming, it's become a leader in taking the image of free-to-play away from tacky gambling and farming with friends and closer to the hardcore community interested in strategic combat games.
It now occupies five entire floors of a towering Bush Street skyscraper and has ballooned from around 100 employees roughly two years ago to more than 500. In 2011, it posted 11 times more revenue than the year before. The year after, it broke $100 million.
And on Wednesday, Kixeye pushed out its very first mobile game, Backyard Monsters: Unleashed for iOS. It's an updated and touch screen-oriented iteration of Kixeye's most successful browser-based game, a Facebook tower defense title that launched the developer to the forefront of the burgeoning browser-based free-to-play market and still has millions of monthly users. Free-to-play, thanks in part to the success of Facebook games, is now a model adopted by even the largest developers, from Valve with Dota 2 and EA with Star Wars: The Old Republic to Sony Entertainment with its latest version of EverQuest.
The gaming industry now sits on the cusp of a new generation of home consoles that rely on an increasingly difficult, strenuous, and expensive model of game development. Kixeye is on the opposite end, a no-longer-so-scrappy startup that's able to move faster and respond to player demands quicker than even the most well-equipped gaming juggernauts pumping out Xbox and PlayStation franchise titles on an annual basis.
And at its core, it's still as anti-Zynga as the most traditional of gaming companies. It has what it describes as a long-standing feud, both legal and philosophical, with Zynga over the free-to-play model and the ways in which the crumbling Farmville-creator has tarnished the moniker. For Kixeye's goal lies in convincing not just kids, but older players -- those with a craving to play who perhaps don't have the resources or time to invest in hundreds of dollars of hardware -- that it's a team of serious gamers making serious games, not cow-clickers.
"I have not met a single person here who is not a gamer," said Caryl Shaw, Backyard Monsters' executive producer. "Even the finance guys," she added. Shaw left rival social games company Ngmoco to work for Kixeye, and previously spent years at EA working for its subsidiary Maxis, the creator of SimCity. She ditched the realm of major game publishing and development because it moved painfully slow, and involved years of working in a bubble only to release a game with little to no reassurance that it would be well-received.
"I worked on one game for three years," she said with slight exasperation. But right then, she noticed the time and promptly left the meeting room to travel one floor below -- to the Backyard Monsters mobile team -- so that they could prepare for the game to launch in yet another market when the clocked ticked 11 that morning. The game has only been in development for a little under nine months, but it's already ready to roll, and has been racking up responsive users in markets like Canada and New Zealand.
And it will only get better from here. That's because launching a free-to-play game is not a chance to move on to the next project, but just the beginning.
Moving to mobile without sacrifices
Before that, the company was known as Casual Collective, a much smaller outfit that got its start when developers David Scott and Paul Preece began designing flash games in 2007 as Facebook was gearing up to launch its social gaming platform.
But Backyard Monsters wasn't the first mobile title for any particular reason other than "it was the first one ready," Harbin said. Kixeye had originally commissioned Ngmoco, from which it would later snag Shaw, for the job after the company offered to tackle the port, but the end result was so tattered and unusable that Kixeye killed it. "We scrapped that relationship and build and started from scratch on our own," he added.
The challenges for Kixeye weren't in the platform, though working with Apple does impose speed limitations. Rather, Harbin said, his company had to ensure it wasn't diluting its core mission by jumping to mobile. That would be a move that the CEO said would fall in line with many mobile developers, but would be yet another way in which free-to-play preys on gamers. For instance, the more profitable mobile platform funnels development into a hit-and-run approach where games try to maximize downloads and keep users purchasing in-game currency, but with little incentive to keep playing.
"It's about maximizing fun. It's not just trying to artificially inflate retention," Harbin said. "You've got to continue to delight millions of players week after week." For Kixeye, that means working on new features constantly. To this day, 2-year-old games like War Commander are updated frequently to keep the experience rewarding.
"Mobile is not the end all of be all to gaming platforms, which is why we're still doing browser and PC download," Harbin admitted, "because there are certain genres that will not work and there are certain genres that we simply want to make because we want to play them."
"If this was just a business exercise, which it is for a lot of people out here making mobile games, we would just make mobile games," he said. It's no secret to game developers nowadays that mobile is more cost-efficient and drives more profit and revenue.
"That's not good enough for us," he said. "The reason why I'm doing this company is because I want to make great games."
'We're not afraid to get in and rip the guts out'
"It's not about swinging for the fence on our first release. If we get a double or a single even, we're going to learn a lot, and that's going to set us up for our next release," Barber added.
Harbin also acknowledged that Kixeye has been late to the party in terms of getting to mobile, where games like Clash of Clans, "a rip-off of Backyard Monsters," he said, have reached massive success as deep multiplayer strategy games.
"People invest a lot of resources and money in making a game, get to first launch, and it either fails or succeeds," Harbin said. If it does fail, he noted, developers will often leave it behind and move on.
"We don't do that here. We're always about learning and iterating," he said. It's Kixeye's free-to-play DNA -- an approach just now being fully realized by the gaming titans that have long ruled the industry -- that gives it that flexibility.
"We're not going to reclaim the throne with just one launch, but we're in this for the long run," Harbin said. "It's not about winning against competitors. It's about delighting gamers."