On Wednesday, an exploit code allowing someone to attack the domain name system (DNS) became available. No one has yet used the code, but the advice is simple: Patch. Now. While most of the burden is on the Domain Name System servers and the various systems that support them, the nature of the flaw is such that desktop clients also need to patch their software as well.
First, to determine whether your DNS system is vulnerable, use either of these tests:
If the test returns a message similar to "Your name server, at 2xx.2xx.1xx.1x, appears vulnerable to DNS Cache Poisoning," then you may need to patch your desktop system.
If you automatically apply Microsoft Updates to your Windows computer, you should have received Microsoft Security Bulletin MS08-037; if you don't automatically apply updates, you should click the link and apply this patch ASAP.
If you use ZoneAlarm, however, make sure you are running the latest release, 7.0.48, before installing MS08-037. There is a known incompatibility with the Microsoft patch and older versions of ZoneAlarm.
Still, in the end, protection from any DNS exploit also depends on your upstream ISP providers. As of Monday, researcher Neal Krawetz was reporting that servers at several high-profile ISPs remained vulnerable.