Rates of basal melt, the ice that melts from underneath the ice shelves, is seen here overlaid on a 2009 mosaic of Antarctica created from data from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer instrument aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua spacecraft.
The red shades denote melt rates of less than 5 meters per year, while blue shades represent melt rates of greater than 5 meters per year. The perimeters of the ice shelves in 2007-2008, excluding ice rises and ice islands, are shown by thin black lines.
Each circular graph is proportional in area to the total ice mass loss measured from each ice shelf, in gigatons per year, with the proportion of ice lost owing to the calving of icebergs denoted by hatched lines and the proportion due to basal melting denoted in black.
July 11, 2013 5:18 PM PDT
Photo by: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UC Irvine/Columbia University